Infants and toddlers, before learning to walk have float feet. The longitudinal arch is not yet developed. As we age and begin walking our arch begins to develop. The arch will continue to develop and by adulthood the people have developed a normal arch.
Generally flat feet are associated with a leaning inward of the ankle bones toward the center line, know as pronation. Shoes of children, who pronate, will lean inward toward one another when placed side-by-side.
Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medications, icing, physical therapy, supportive taping, bracing, and orthotics are common treatments for painful progressive flatfoot. Note: Please consult your physician before taking any medications. In some cases, a surgery may need to be performed to repair a torn or damaged tendon and restore normal function. In the most severe cases, surgery on the midfoot bones may be necessary to treat the associated flatfoot condition.